I know you have seen the boats and the equipment that is used by the professional fishermen on TV when they are competing in the fishing tournaments. You see their very expensive boats with every whizbang that you can imagine on them! They usually have a high horsepower outboard that will blow your wig right off with ease. They have about fifteen rods and reels all decked out and laying near the bow of the boat. They have compartments full of the latest lures in every color and size know to man. They have large live wells to keep fish alive while they continue fishing. Basically they have everything that they could ever want while they are spending a day fishing and making a living. Some of this stuff they bought themselves, but some of it is given to them so the companies that make the gear can get their name in front of you while these professionals use the gear on TV.
You should not be put off by this. It is much easier than you think for you to have an excellent boat, the right equipment and fishing gear to have an excellent time fishing. You don't have to be a millionaire to do it! It may cost you a few thousand dollars, but you will have great enjoyment from fishing without breaking the bank!
Let's start with the place where you might want to fish. There are literally millions of small lakes, ponds, and other small bodies of water in this country that are excellent places to have a great day fishing. You will need to do some research to find them. If you are not aware of such places, contact your state fish and game department. They can direct you to such bodies of water and help you to get the appropriate license for fishing in these places. They can tell you what types of fish you can catch in these locations. They will help you to determine where you can put a boat into the water.
If you do not have a boat, let's talk about that. You should look in your area for a smaller lakes where you can easily
put a boat into the water. For small lakes a smaller, less powerful boat is recommended, and may even be the only type boat you can use on such a body of water. Some small lakes even ban the use of gasoline powered boats all together. You can buy a new jon boat for less than a $1,000. This is a flat bottom aluminum boat that is usually about 11 or 12 feet in length. A jon boat will allow one or two people as occupants.
Once you have decided on which boat you want you can select a trolling motor to power your boat. The trolling motor that you select should have the proper thrust rating to effectively push the weight of your boat and all its contents. You will just add the weight of your boat to the weight of occupants and gear that the boat will be carrying. Manufacturers of trolling motors say that a good rule of thumb is to have a trolling motor that supplies 2 pounds of thrust for every 100 pounds of weight of a fully loaded boat. If you will possibly be fishing in increment weather where there could be high wind or rough water your trolling motor may need to have more power to remain effective.
Be sure that you select a correct shaft length for your trolling motor. If the shaft is too short it will not be able to push your boat. It is best to get a shaft that puts the prop at least 12 inches under the water. Measure from the point where the shaft is mounted to your boat to the water level ten add about 18 inches to get a length for your trolling motor shaft. This could vary a little just makes sure the prop will be under the water even in rough water.
More than likely you will prefer to have the motor mounted on the transom, which is the back of the boat. You will be able to guide your boat by hand using the tiller. In this case the trolling motor will be pushing the boat forward. However, you may wish to have the trolling motor mounted in the bow or front of the boat where the motor will be pulling the boat. It is your choice, there are models you can mount it in either location.
The trolling motor runs on electrical power so you will need to have one or more marine batteries to supply the electricity for it. The trolling motor will have a rating that tells you what the minimum power is to run the motor. Trolling motors require increments of 12, 24, and 36 volts to operate, while marine batteries are usually 12 volts. If the trolling motor you selected requires 24 volts of power then you will need two 12 volt marine batteries to operate it. The trolling motor that you will probably select will be one that has a rating of 12 volts, especially if you are going to use it on a small body of water and not be using a gasoline powered motor with it.