Technology has provided substantial innovations for trolling motors in the last few years. The improvements have made the trolling motor an essential tool for the serious fishermen. The original design of the motor was simply to help a fisherman quietly move his boat from one place to another so as not to disturb the fish he wanted to catch. It was important to use all the subtlety possible to get into the fish environment without being noticed. As technology advanced and the cost of improvement decreased, improvements were added to assist in the stealth of motors. You can still purchase a trolling motor that deftly moves your fishing boat from one place to another, but you can also get one that has excellent enhancements that improve your fishing even more.
You have to define where you are going to use your trolling motor. If you fish in fresh water you will need to get a motor that is designed for that fishing. If you fish in salt water then you should get a motor designed for that. Fresh water trolling motors are not designed to be used in salt water. If you do this your motor will break down and cannot be used. The parts of a salt water trolling motor are treated to handle the corrosive nature of salt and fresh water motors are not.
The noise produced by a trolling motor has been reduced to lower than a whisper as motor improvements have been made. You are able to access more water area with ease. Your trolling motor is able to navigate into areas that you would otherwise not be able to access. The power built into the electric motor that spins your prop in this device has been greatly improved. So much so that your boat will move effortlessly through thick lily pads or weeds without even a whimper. This says nothing about the ability to fish in water that has restrictions against gasoline powered boats.
Of course with a trolling motor you do not have the power and speed you would when using a gasoline engine to move your boat. The gasoline engine has a different roll than the trolling motor. You use the power of a gasoline engine to get you close to an area where you want to fish. You are not worried about disturbing fish when you move across the lake very quickly using a gasoline engine. Once near the location that you want to fish the trolling motor takes over and moves your boat with quiet finesse right over your fishing spot. This is when the improved features of a trolling motor make your fishing much more enjoyable.
There are two ways to mount your trolling motor to your boat. The bow mount, which is in the front of the boat, is the most popular and gives the best and finest control over boat movement. The transom mount is done in the rear of the boat. A bow mounted motor pulls your boat, while a transom mounted motor pushes your boat. It is easier to pull a boat than push it, so this is why the bow mount is most efficient.
When trolling motors were first used the only way you could guide them was by hand using a tiller. You can still get motors that allow you to do this if you want. However, the foot control is an improvement over the hand control. It does take some time to learn how to use it, but it is time that will not regret spending when you are on the water fishing. Especially since you will be “hands free” to fish and not have to worry about using your hands guiding the boat. Believe me it is great!
Wireless control for the trolling motor is another great and recent innovation. It was first made available on the bow mounted motors. This is outstanding! You have a wireless control that allows you to access all the features of the trolling motor without ever touching it. Just like your TV set, you don't physically go to the TV set to make changes and access different features. It is now the same with your trolling motor. You may think that this is not an improvement, but once you use it you will see how great it is. You attach the wireless control to your jacket or belt with a clip. Then it is always right there when you need it. With the control you can steer the direction of the boat, vary the speed, and access other features.
In shallow water one of the ways you can use to keep your boat on your best fishing spot is the talon shallow water anchor. Adjust this versatile device in any condition - calm, rough, or where there is a soft bottom to stay steady. Control it remotely from anywhere in the boat and keep on fishing!
Another feature that gives you control is the spot lock. This feature sets the boat to remain at an exact spot. The trolling motor will adjust to current or wind speed to keep the boat at that exact spot until you decide to tell it to do otherwise. The GPS feature can be set to guide the trolling motor to take your boat in a direction that you decide. The trolling motor will maintain that direction until you change the setting. You may think that going continually in given direction could cause the motor to run into an underwater obstruction. The trolling motor has a detection device that will go around an obstruction underwater and maintain its course.
Integration of your trolling motor with sonar increases your ability to locate fish and improve your chance of catching them. Newest models of trolling motors have MEGA imaging capability. With this feature a trolling motor has the technology of a fishing finding device built into it. The sonar can either look down under your boat for a depth of 200 feet to see structures or look out to the side of your boat to see structures. Each of these views is very well defined. It is easy to see downed trees, bottom surfaces, and groups of fish. All these features will make your day of fishing much more enjoyable!